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Three-parted Yellow Violet, Threepart Violet, Wedge-leaf Yellow Violet - Viola tripartita

Family: Violaceae - Violet family Genus Common Name: Violet Native Status: NativeDicot Perennial Herb
Viola tripartita - Three-parted Yellow Violet, Threepart Violet, Wedge-leaf Yellow Violet. There are two varieties of this relatively rare violet - Viola tripartita var. tripartita and Viola tripartita var. glaberrima. It's historical range includes rich, wooded slopes in a dozen of the southeastern United States, as far north as southwestern Pennsylvania, where it is now believed to be extirpated, and southeastern Ohio, where var. tripartita is believed to be extirpated and the remaining population of var. glaberimma is protected with an official status of Endangered. It is also protected in Florida and Tennessee.

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Viola tripartita

Distribution of Viola tripartita in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 24 Feb 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: Pigeon Mountain - McCutcheon Springs Road, Walker County, GA Date: 2012-April-01Photographer: Gerald C. Williamson
Nikon D7000
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
Three-parted Yellow Violet shows its brownish-purple-striated yellow blossoms in mid-spring. It grows up to about a foot tall, and has alternate leaves in the upper part of the stem. Var. tripartita, the one shown here, is the only stemmed yellow violet east of the Rockies with divided leaves. There are usually three lobes, although that may vary. The example shown here seems to be unusual in that I haven't found a photo of a plant with a leaf so far down the stem. The leaves of var. glaberrima are more diamond shaped and are not parted; that variety is also known as Wedge-leaf Yellow Violet.
Viola tripartita

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2018
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer