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Narrowleaf Vervain, Simple Verbena - Verbena simplex


Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family Genus Common Name: Vervain Native Status: NativeDicot Perennial Herb
Verbena simplex - Narrowleaf Vervain, Simple Verbena. The range of Narrowleaf Vervain is most of the eastern half of the United States. It is listed as "Special Concern" in Connecticut, and is Endangered in Massachusetts and New Jersey, but is a quite common dry meadow and roadside plant in much of its range. It is the larval host for the Common Buckeye butterfly.

Found in:
AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV

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Verbena simplex

Distribution of Verbena simplex in the United States and Canada:
USDA Plants Distribution Map temporarily unavailable.
Blue=Native; Grey=Introduced

Map from USDA Plants Database:
USDA, NRCS. 2017. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 15 Dec 2017). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.

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Site: Blue Hole Area, Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2012-August-11Photographer: Gerald C. Williamson
Nikon D7000
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
The tall, thin spike inflorescence usually has lavender flowers, but they also may commonly be white with some tinting with lavender. A similar species, Verbena urticifolia, which also has a similar range, has white blossoms but is usually taller and has wider, coarsely toothed, leaves on a longer petiole.
Verbena simplex

Site: Blue Hole Area, Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2012-July-15Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
The flowers are 5-lobed and quite small, usually less than 1/4 inch across. The corolla tube is also under 1/4 inch long, is pubescent externally, and hairy internally. Each flower is subtended by a bract.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Verbena simplex

Site: Blue Hole Area, Pigeon Mountain, Walker County, GA Date: 2012-July-15Photographer: Gerald C Williamson
Nikon D7000
Tamron SP 90MM f/2.8 AF Macro
The plant grows to about 2 feet tall. The leaves are several times longer than they are wide, up to about 4 inches long. They are coarsely serrate, at least on the end, and may be sessile or have a short petiole.
Click on the photo for a larger image
Verbena simplex

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All content except USDA Plants Database map Copyright Gerald C. Williamson 2017
Photographs Copyright owned by the named photographer